This Act provides provisions for the basic minimum requirement for safety, health, welfare and other service conditions such as working hours, leave, holidays etc.

It is applicable on all Factories where manufacturing process is carried out with the aid of power with 10 or more workers. In case manufacturing process is carried without aid of power, number of employees can go up to 20 for the application of this Act.

Registration with Chief Inspector of Factories is made necessary for all Factories coming under this Act. For new factories, a notice regarding starting of manufacturing with other required documents is to be given to Chief Inspector of Factories before 15 days of starting production.

This Act describes in detail about the working conditions and benefits for Factory workers. The knowledge of this Act is must for all who wanted to know about Indian Labour Laws.